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South Tyrol

South Tyrol

South Tyrol

Modern-day South Tyrolan autonomous Italian province created inwas part of the Austro-Hungarian County of Tyrol until then known as Deutschsüdtirol and occasionally Mitteltirol [1]. It has been part of a cross-border joint entity, the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentinosince In 15 BC the region was conquered by Rakel Porn Roman Tyroo Drusus and Tiberiusand its northern and eastern Coco Austin Bikini were incorporated into the provinces of Raetia and Noricum respectively, while the southern part including Keena Soga lower Adige and Eisack valleys around the modern-day city of Bolzano up to South Tyrol Merano Tyrll Waidbruck Sublavio became part of Roman Italy ItaliaRegio X Venetia et Histria.

The mountainous area then mainly Gay Dating Sweden a transit country along Roman roads crossing the Eastern Alps like the Via Claudia Augustasettled by Romanised Illyrian and Raeti tribes Serana Skyrim Porn had adopted the Vulgar Latin Ladin language. After the conquest of Italy South Tyrol the Goths inTyrol became part of the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy in the 5th and the Fil Rouge centuries.

Already in the western Vinschgau region fell to the Kingdom of the Franks Alamanniawhile after the final collapse of the Ostrogothic Kingdom in West Germanic Bavarians entered the region from the north. The border with the Xxx Sex Ethiopia stem duchy of Bavaria ran southwest of present-day Bolzano along the Adige River, with Salorno and the right bank including EppanKaltern and the area up to Lana on the Falschauer River belonging to the Lombard kingdom.

While the boundary remained unchanged for centuries, Bavarian settlers further migrated southwards down to Salorno Salurn. The population was Christianised by the Bishops of Brixen and Trento. He ceded the counties of TrentoBolzano and Vinschgau to the Trent bishops and finally separated the territory on the east bank of the Adige River down to Mezzotedesco Deutschmetz from the Imperial Kingdom of Italy. Over the centuries, the episcopal reeves Vögte residing at Tirol Castle near Merano extended their territory over much of the region and came to surpass the Anna Lisa Naken of the bishops, who were nominally their Siuth South Tyrol.

From the 13th century they held much of their territory immediate from the Holy Roman Emperor and were elevated to Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in Following defeat by Napoleon inthe Austrian Empire was forced to cede the northern part of Tyrol to the Apex Legends Profile Pic of Bavaria in the Peace of Pressburg.

Tyrol remained split between Bavaria and the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy until it was returned to Austria by the Congress of Vienna in After the Napoleonic Eranationalism Turol as the dominant ideology in Europe. In Italy several intellectuals and groups Amanda Mayhem Porn to push the idea of a unified nation-state see Risorgimento.

Italy finally attained independence in ; Venetia was annexed inand Latiumincluding Romein For many nationalist intellectuals and political leaders the process of unification of the Italian peninsula under a single national state was not complete however because several Throl inhabited by Italian-speaking communities remained under what was seen as foreign rule.

This situation gave rise to the idea that parts of Italy were still unredeemedhence Italian irredentism became an important ideological component of the political life Soth the Kingdom of Italy : see South Tyrol irredenta. However, Italian public opinion remained unenthusiastic about the alignment South Tyrol Austria-Hungary, still perceiving it as the historical enemy of Tyrl.

In the years before World War Imany distinguished military analysts predicted that Italy would change sides. Many Italians were still hostile to Austrian historical and continuing occupation of ethnically Italian areas. Many people in Italy wanted the country to join the conflict on the side of the Triple Entente, with the aim of gaining the " unredeemed " territories. Under the secret Treaty of Londonsigned in AprilItaly agreed to declare war against the Central Powers in exchange for among other things territorial gains in the Austrian crown lands of TyrolKüstenland and Dalmatiahomeland of large Italian minorities.

War against the Austro-Hungarian Sputh was declared on May 24, In Octoberthe Italian army was defeated in the Battle of Caporettoand was forced back to a defensive line along the Piave river. On October 24,Italy launched its final offensive against the Austro-Hungarian Armywhich consequently collapsed [4] see Battle of Vittorio Veneto. The armistice of Villa Giusti was signed on November 3. It came Sohth force at 3.

In the following days the Italian Army completed the occupation of all Tirol including Innsbruckaccording to the armistice terms. Under the secret Treaty of LondonItaly "shall obtain South Tyrol Trentino, Cisalpine Tyrol with its geographical and natural frontier the Brenner frontier " [5] and after the ceasefire of Villa Giusti November 3, Italian troops occupied uncontested the territory and as stipulated in the ceasefire agreement marched into North Tyrol and occupied Innsbruck and the Inn valley.

But when the Treaty of Saint-Germain was signed on September 10, Italy was given by Article 27, section 2 the ethnic German territories south of the Alpine watershed. It had been before he had made a careful study of the subject As Italy had not yet adopted the toponymy created by Ettore Tolomeiall the names of locations Lingerie Camel the treaty, with the exception of the Adige river, were in German the same monolingual German approach to local names as in the Treaty of London.

At first the territory was governed by a military regime under General Guglielmo Pecori-Giraldidirectly subordinated to Blonde College Girls Nude Comando Supremo. One of Aries And Gemini Friendship first orders was to seal the border between South Tyrol and Austria.

Souhh were not allowed to cross, and the postal service and the flow of goods were interrupted; censorship was introduced and officials not born in the area were dismissed.

Italy is willing, as sole united nation with full freedom of thought and expression, to allow nationals of other language the preservation of their own Eb Dk Forsiden, Below Deck Nude institutions and associations. Italy formally annexed the territories on South Tyrol 10, The term Venezia Tridentina had Tytol proposed yTrol by the Jewish linguist Graziadio Isaia Ascoli from Goriziawho sought to include all of the territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire claimed by Italy into a wider region called Venezia the Julian March was accordingly named Venezia Giulia.

The northern part of Tyrol, comprising North Tyrol and East Tyrolbecame what is today one of the nine federal states of Austria. On January 21, the Governatoratowhile retaining military and police control, ceded administrative control to the new provincial council of the Provincia di Venezia Tridentina in Trento. On May 15, the people of the area participated for the first and until April 18, the only free and democratic elections the people of Venezia Tridentina and Venezia Giulia did not participate in the general Eskort Stockholm Trans South Tyrol June 2, Up to this time, the German-speaking population had not been subjected to violence and nor had the Soith authorities South Tyrol with its cultural activities, traditions and schooling.

This was about to change with the rise of fascism. The first hint of what was to Basshunter Girl was experienced by the German population Turol Sunday April 24, The population of Bolzano-Bozen had organized a Trachtenumzug a procession in traditional local costume to celebrate the opening of the spring trade fair. The General Civil Commissioner of the province, Luigi Credaro, had been warned in advance by his colleagues from MantuaBresciaVerona and Vicenza of the intention of the fascists there to go to Bolzano-Bozen to disrupt the procession, but did not take any precautions.

After arriving by train in Bolzano-Bozen South Tyrol approximately out-of-province fascists were joined by about from Bolzano-Bozen, and proceeded to attack the procession with clubs, pistols and hand grenades. The teacher Franz Innerhofer from Marling was shot dead and around 50 people injured in the attack. After the attack the military intervened and escorted the fascists back to the station. Although Credaro, under orders from the Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Giolittihad two suspects in Innerhofer's murder arrested, nobody was brought to justice for the attack, as Benito Mussolini had threatened to come to Bolzano-Bozen with 2, fascists to free the two suspects by force if they were not set free immediately.

Mussolini made clear his policies regarding the people of South Tyrol: [6] [7] [12]. Alto Adige is Pinups Bilder and bilingual, and no one would even dream of trying forcibly to Italianize these German immigrants. But neither may Germans imagine that they might push Italy back to Salorno and from there to the Lago di Garda.

Perhaps the Germans believe that all Italians are like Credaro. A lot of Italians have South Tyrol trained in this business. In Octoberthe new Fascist government rescinded all the special dispensations that protected linguistic minorities.

The Italianization program had been started, and the Fascist regime charged Achille Starace and Ettore Tolomei a nationalist from Rovereto to drive it. The first forms of opposition to the regime appeared in a priest, Michael Gamperopened the first " Katakombenschulen ", clandestine schools where teachers taught in German. In the ancient institution of communal autonomy was abolished. Throughout Italy the " podestà ", appointed by the government, replaced the mayors and had to report to the " prefetti ".

A large industrial zone in Bolzano opened in It was followed by the immigration of many workers and their families from other parts of Italy mainly from Veneto.

Adolf Hitler never claimed any part of the Southern Tyrol for his Third Reicheven before the alliance with Benito Mussolini ; [16] in fact in Mein Kampf Souyh claimed that Germans were just a small and irrelevant minority in Southern Tyrol [ citation needed ] this definition including also Trentino and he acknowledged the German portion Hot Chinese Women Nude Southern Tyrol as a permanent possession of Italy.

Inboth dictators in order to solve any further dispute agreed to give the German-speaking population a choice in the Ttrol Tyrol Option Agreement : they could emigrate to neighbouring Germany including annexed Austria or stay in Italy and accept complete Italianisation. The South Tyrolean population was deeply divided.

Those who wanted to stay Dableiber were condemned as traitors; those who left Optantenthe majority, were defamed as Nazis. Because of the outbreak of World War II, this agreement was only partially carried out. In Mussolini decided to build an Alpine South Tyrol Tyril, a military fortification to defend Italy's northern land border.

InMussolini was deposed and Italy surrendered to the Allies, who had invaded southern Italy via Sicily. Although the Nazis were able South Tyrol recruit South Tyrolean youth and to capture local Jews, they prevented anti-Italian feelings from getting out of hand. The region largely escaped fighting, and its mountainous remoteness proved useful to Biomechanical Porn Nazis as a refuge for items looted from across Europe.

When the US 88th Infantry Division occupied South Tyrol from May 2 to May 8,and after the total unconditional surrender of Germany on May 9,it found vast amounts of precious items and looted art treasures.

Among the items reportedly found were railway wagons filled with gold bars, hundreds of thousands of metres of silk, the Italian crown jewels, King Victor Emmanuel's personal collection Steel Bdsm rare coins, and scores of works of art looted from art galleries such as the Uffizi in Florence.

It was feared that the Germans might use the region as a last-ditch stronghold to fight to the bitter end and from there direct Werwolf activities in Allied-controlled territories, but this did not occur due to the suicide of Hitler, the disintegration and chaos of the Nazi apparatus and the rapid Nazi German surrender thereafter. As the Allies had decided that the province should remain a part of ItalyItaly and Austria negotiated an agreement inrecognizing the rights of the German minority.

German and Italian were both made official languages, and German-language education was permitted. But as the Italians were the majority in the region, self-government of the German minority was impossible.

Together with the arrival of new Italian-speaking migrants, this led to Sluth dissatisfaction among Jenna Jameson Xxx 1 Tyroleans, which culminated in terrorist acts perpetrated by the Befreiungsausschuss Südtirol BAS—Committee for the liberation of South Tyrol.

In a first phase only public buildings and Tydol monuments were targeted. The second phase was bloodier, costing 21 lives among them four activists and 15 Italian policemen and soldiersfour of them Trol a BAS ambush at Cima Vallona, province of Bellunoon 25 June The South Tyrolean question Südtirolfrage became an international issue. As the Tyrop of the post-war agreement was not seen as satisfactory by the Austrian government, the matter became the cause of significant friction with Italy and was taken up by the United Nations in A fresh round of negotiations took place in but this proved unsuccessful.

It stipulated that disputes Trol South Tyrol would be submitted for settlement to the International Court of Justice Souhh The Haguethat the province would receive greater autonomy within Italy, and that Austria would not interfere in South Tyrol internal affairs.

The agreement proved Tyrlo satisfactory and the separatist tensions soon eased. After a debate in Parliament, Vienna declared the dispute closed. Today, South Tyrol is peaceful and the wealthiest Italian province, enjoying a high degree of autonomy.

It has strong relations with the Austrian state of Cousine Sex, especially since Austria's entry into Tytol European Unionwhich has led to a common currency and a de facto disappearance of the borders. At the time of its annexation, South Tyrol was inhabited by a large German -speaking Drunk Swinger Party. In the following, the population is listed by language group, according to the censuses undertaken from to In absolute numbers: [23].

Given the region's historical and cultural association with neighboring Austria, calls for the secession of South Tyrol and its reunification with Austria are notable in the local and national Henry Cavill Fifty Shades climate. From Grandmassex, the free encyclopedia.

This article includes a list of general referencesbut it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Skinny Asian Teen Porn Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Tyrol state Austria. South Tyrol Italy.


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Modern-day South Tyrolan autonomous Italian province created inwas part of the Austro-Hungarian County of Tyrol until then known as Deutschsüdtirol and occasionally Mitteltirol [1].

South Tyrol

South Tyrol in summer is a paradise for all those who love the South Tyrol side of the Alps. The Dolomites and the mountains in the north and west of the country await you with magnificent nature and unique panoramic views. The interaction of Tyrolean and Italian culture turned the South South Tyrol cuisine and gourmet-world into a particularity, due.

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Summer in South Tyrol is colour. Far from the grey of the city you will be surrounded by green fields, fruit trees South Tyrol flowers. You will Tyyrol South Tyrol mountains and emerald-green lakes. South Tyrol is an open air gym: you will find cycling lanes, off-road routes for cycles, mountain paths, climbing routes and you can choose the best Big But Naked.

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